Alabio Duck: Characteristics, Uses & Full Breed Information

Alabio duck is a dual purpose breed originating in Indonesia. It is also locally known as Itik Alabio. It is a very popular duck breed in Indonesia and highly populated in South Kalimantan.

The Alabio duck is considered to be a result of cross breeding of Indonesian local ducks and Pekin duck. The breed was named Alabio by Saleh Puspo, and the sub-district they were reared in is known as Alabio. Review characteristics, breed profile and some special notes about Alabio duck below.

Physical Characteristics of Alabio Duck

Alabio ducks are generally of brown color with white spots and a line pattern around the eyes. The drake and ducks are different in color. The ducks have a light brown head, and the drakes have a head with bright blue or green color.

There have been several cross breeding of Alabio duck. Which changes it’s productivity, color of shank, beak and feathers from the original Alabio ducks. Original Alabio duck has cream feathers. And their beak and shanks are either dark yellow, light yellow or orange.

On an average, Alabio drakes weight about 1.8-2.0 kg and ducks about 1.6-1.8 kg. Photo from LookSeek.
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The Alabio duck was mainly raised as a laying duck breed. But now, they are also being raised for meat production, as they produce tasty meat. Today the breed is being raised as a dual purpose duck breed.

Special Notes

Alabio duck is a utility breed and suitable for both meat and eggs production. They do very well in confinement, but require good housing facilities with plenty of space for better result. They are good fliers.

Like most other ducks, Alabio ducks also love swimming. So sufficient amount of clean water is necessary. They are very strong and long lived birds. The average lifespan of Alabio duck is about 8 years, but can live up to 12 years depending on the breed.

Alabio drakes are very protective and will guard their nest by chasing away other ducks. Alabio ducks are excellent layers and can lay up to 200 eggs per year. Ducks tend to go broody. After laying 5-8 eggs, a duck will start to sit on her eggs to keep them warm so that they can be hatched into baby ducklings. Review full breed profile of this duck breed below.

Alabio Duck | Breed Profile

Breed Name Alabio
Other Name Also locally known as Itik Alabio
Breed Purpose Dual Purpose (eggs & meat)
Special Notes Friendly, Great Foragers
Breed Class Light Weight
Broodiness Frequent
Weight Drake About 1.8-2.0 kg
Duck About 1.6-1.8 kg
Climate Tolerance Heat
Egg Color White
Egg Size Medium to Large
Egg Weight 65-70 grams
Egg Productivity High
Flying Ability Good
Rarity Common
Varieties Drakes and ducks are different in color, but there are no other varieties.
Country of Origin Indonesia

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