Pig Farming: Complete Guide for Beginners for Raising & Caring Pigs

Pig farming is not only a profitable business but also a very popular and lucrative business. Pig is widely used to eat and pork. But it is not an easy tusk to farming. It takes a lot of time and money to make a profitable pig farm. To make a perfect pig farm everybody needs to follow some methods, which are described below.

How to Start Pig Farming Business

Starting a successful pig farming business is very easy. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting and operating a profitable pig rearing business.

Pig Rearing System

The pigs can be reared in numerous systems. The most common systems are mentioned below.

Pig Farming On Pasture

Firstly, it is very necessary to have a large area with a lot of grass and soil. Then it also needs a large fence so that the pigs can roam too far off easily and can feel comfort. But the farmers should always conscious about the structure of the fence. Farmers should use very strong wood and thick corner poles because the adult pigs become very strong and they can try to destroy the fence. As pigs are notorious diggers, farmers should dig deeply into the ground for poles. Thus farmers can farm pigs on the pasture.

On a Barn or Hut

Pig farming in a barn is generally easy. Farmers should use concrete to make a barn for pig farming. It is very necessary to keep the pigs inside the farm. Farmers should make the floor slope so that the water can be used to clean the barn easily. Farmers should separate the feeding area to the rest area for cleaning it easily. At least 10 feet deep and 10 feet wide area is perfect for every two pigs. The rest area should be half the size of the feeding area with a pool where they can bath and the pool should be at least 5 feet.

You should take care the pigs in the barn in the following ways
  • Depending on number of pigs farmers should clean pens naturally twice in a week.
  • It is very important to keep feeder full.
  • Mud hole filled with water in outside pen.
  • A lot of bedding is necessary in corner but not entire pen.

Selecting Pig Breeds

There are numerous pig breeds available throughout the world. You can choose the local breeds first which are easily available in your area. Some common and popular pig breeds are; Yorkshire, Spotted, Poland China, Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc, Chester White and Berkshire.


Pig should be fed 18% crude protein. Farmers should not feed pig table scraps and garbage. For this farmers may be fall in danger. To farming, the pig should give the lettuce and other vegetables, but meat products are not appropriate. If the farmers give meat products the pig will put on too much fat and it will decrease the profit. Pig should feed 10-15 pounds of feed a day when it will 130 pounds heavier. To make a pig in a perfect weight, farmers should feed ½ cup of corn oil 2 times each day mixed with 1 egg 2 times each day and ½ cup of milk re placer powder twice a day,1 table spoon corn oil is also necessary. Proper and sufficient feeding brings success in pig farming.

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To consider proper environment situation is very important to farming pig successfully. To farm pig farmers should make a pollution free environment. The pig industry needs a particular location. Without careful management of waste products, it may be very dangerous problem for child pig. It is a great and profitable process to make manure from the disposal of the pigs. It is very useful for agriculture. The environment of the outside and inside should protect all times because it is very essential to farming pigs. Inside environment is important for their health. The farming area should be made clean and dry. During the cold month, a heat lamp must be put and kept out of the north wind and south winds. Farmers should use straw as bedding during the winter. During summer season, it is very need that the pig has a place to lay in mud in the pen. If the pigs sweat or stay in a dry environment pigs will lose 5-10 pounds a day. So, always farmers should conscious about the pig’s health and always try not to sweat them. To sell pigs and to get a lot of money pigs should reach at least 220-295 pounds of weight.

Health and Diseases

Farmers should conscious about pigs’ health. So medical attention is essential.

  • Farmers should be aware about the symptoms of diseases. Like no interest in food, diarrhea, eye discharge, excessive coughing, hernia, dry skin and irregular spots on skin, excessively long hair, back bone showing etc.
  • If the pig has diarrhea, farmers should call veterinarian and treat it carefully. Without proper treat pigs can be dehydrated and lost its weights quickly. This situation can also lead to death.
  • If the pigs are coughing it is very essential to contact with veterinarian as soon as possible.
  • Pigs should not give antibiotics 21-45 days before slaughter date.
  • Pigs must be wormed with safe guard swine wormier or Algard monthly to kill whip.

Pig farming is very attractive and profitable business. To farm pig successfully farmer needs training and learn more things about farming. As pigs meet up the farmers economic need, it is becoming an enjoyable business day by day. To farm pigs effectively farmers should make perfect shelter for pigs. They should give proper food and proper medical protection. Without rearing pigs properly, it is not possible to earn a large number of money. So, to earn money farmers should always careful about their pigs.Though pig farming is not an easy task but it is very attractive business. To make a large farm farmers have to work a lot. Farmers have to invest huge money for farming. If any farmer follows the above instruction, then he will be surely success.

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