Tswana Cattle: Characteristics, Uses & Full Breed Information

The Tswana cattle breed is a Sanga type of cattle, similar to Barotse and Tuli. It is an indigenous cattle breed of Botswana, and mainly raised for meat production.

The breed is also known by some other names such as Bechuana, BataWana, Mangwato, Sechuana, Setswana, Seshaga and Sengologa. The Tswana people brought these cattle into the area.

The Tswana people settled in the Ngami region of Botswana early in the 19th century. The Tswana cattle eventually displaced practically all of the cattle native to the region.

They are well adapted to hot and dry environments, and can also be found in South Africa. Read more information about this cattle breed below.

Tswana Cattle Characteristics

These animals are relatively smaller in size with well built body, showing good fleshing. They are usually plain black in color or multi colored (red pied and rarely black pied).

They usually have long horns and their legs are moderately long. The Tswana bulls on average weight about 480 kg, and average body weight of the cows is about 360 kg. Info from ansi.okstate.edu and Wikipedia.


These animals have well built body showing good fleshing. They are mainly used for meat production.

Special Notes

The Tswana cattle are very hardy animals. They are well adapted to dry and hot environments. And they have a high level of tick and heat tolerance.

In case of quality, these cattle produce good quality beef. Review full breed profile of this cattle breed in the table below.

Tswana Cattle | Breed Profile

Breed Name Tswana
Other Name Bechuana, BataWana, Mangwato, Sechuana, Setswana, Seshaga and Sengologa
Breed Purpose Meat
Special Notes Hardy, well adapted to hot and dry environments
Breed Size Small to Medium


Bulls About 480 kg
Cows About 360 kg
Climate Tolerance All Climates
Coat Color Plain black or multi colored
Horned Yes
Milk Yield Poor
Rarity Common
Country/Place of Origin Botswana

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